Cosmetics

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Cosmetics

Cosmetics

seriál :: Language corner

Use of cosmetics is widespread especially among women and these substances are used to enhance or protect the appearance or odor of the human skin. Cosmetics include skin-care creams, lotions, powders, perfumes, lipsticks, fingernail and toenail polishes, eye and facial makeup, permanent waves, hair colors, hair sprays and gels, deodorants, also baby products, bath oils, bubble baths, bath salts, butters and many other types of products.

The manufacture of cosmetics is currently dominated by a small number of multinational corporations, but the distribution and sale of cosmetics is spread among a wide range of different businesses.

The history

The first archaeological evidence of cosmetics usage is found in Ancient Egypt around 4000 BC. The Ancient Greeks and Romans also used cosmetics containing poisonous mercury and often lead! The land of Palestine was influenced by cosmetics as recorded in the Old Testament approximately 840 BC and the Biblical book of Esther describes various beauty treatments as well. In the western world, the advent of cosmetics was in the middle ages, although typically restricted to use within the upper classes.

However, cosmetic use was frowned upon at some points in history. For example in the 1800s, make-up was used primarily by prostitutes, and Queen Victoria publicly declared makeup improper, vulgar, and acceptable only for use by actors. By the middle of the 20th century, cosmetics were in widespread use in nearly all societies around the world and its popularity increased rapidly.

Some Makeup Types:

  • lipstick, lip gloss, lip liner, lip plumper, lip balm, lip luster, lip conditioner and lip boosters,

  • foundation,

  • powder or face illuminator,

  • rouge, blush, blusher or cheek stain,

  • bronzer,

  • mascara, lash extender or lash conditioner,

  • eye liner and eye shadow, eye shimmer and glitter eye pencils as well as different color pencils,

  • eyebrow pencils, creams, waxes, gels and powders,

  • nail polish,

  • and also the skin care products: creams and lotions, sunscreens and various treatment products.

And which are the things you cannot get along without? J

Zdroj:
Skin Deep (EWG), Environmental Working Group, Campaign for Safe Cosmetics, and California Safe Cosmetics Act of 2005.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cosmetics

advent = příchod, nástup, objevení se
although = třebaže, ačkoliv
among = mezi
appearance = vzhled, zjev
balm = balzám
be frowned upon = být v nelibosti, nevlídně být nahlíženo na
be influenced by = být ovlivněný kým
be spread = být rozšířený
blush, blusher = červeň, růž (na tváře)
booster = podporovač, zkráslovač
currently = běžně, aktuálně, v současné době
declare = prohlásit, oznámit, vyjádřit se
enhance = zkrášlit, pozvednout, obohatit
eyebrow = obočí
facial = lícní, obličejový
fingernail and toenail polishes = pilování nehtů na rukou a nohou
foundation = podklad
cheek stain = tvářenka
improper = nevhodný, nepatřičný
increase = vzrůstat, růst, zvětšit se
lash = řasa
lead = olovo
lip gloss = lesk na rty
lip plumper = zvětšovač rtů
lotion = pleťová voda
luster = silný lesk
mercury = rtuť
middle ages = středověk
nail polish = lak na nehty

odor = vůně
permanent waves = trvalá ondulace
poisonous = jedovatý
publicly = veřejně
rapidly = rychle, rapidně
restricted to = omezený na
rouge = rtěnka
shimmer, glitter = třpyt(ivý), lesk(lý)
treatment = ošetření, léčba
upper class = vyšší třída
usage = užívání, použití
use = používat
wax = vosk
wide range of = široký okruh
widespread = obecně rozšířený



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