Coffee

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Coffee

seriál :: Language corner

„Black as the devil, hot as hell, pure as an angel, sweet as love.” That’s the recipe for coffee, according to the French statesman Talleyrand (1754-1838).

Coffee is one of the most widely consumed beverages in the world. It is prepared from the roasted seeds - commonly referred to as beans - of the coffee plant. Those beans grow in the fruits of the coffee plant. There are usually two beans in each fruit and harvest must be done by hands.

The word coffee derives from the Arabic “qahwah”, a word that was originally used for wine, but which came to mean coffee. Coffee beans used to be chewed before it was discovered that they can be boiled with water and started to be considered as a drink.

Coffee drinking began in Arab countries already in the 14th century and did not become common in Europe till the 17th century. At first coffee was sold by chemists, then the first coffee shop opened and the essential instructions about how to roast and grind the coffee were published. The first coffee houses opened in London in 1652.

By the end of the 19th century, demand for coffee had grown and there were many plantations in tropical Africa. Today, the world ´s largest producer is Brazil – after arriving from French Guiana in the early 18th century, coffee quickly spread and thrived in Brazil. Today Brazil is responsible for about a third of all coffee production, making it by far the heavyweight champion of the coffee-producing world.

Top Ten Coffee-Producing Countries:

1. Brazil

2. Colombia

3. Indonesia

4. Vietnam

5. Mexico

6. Ethiopia

7. India

8. Guatemala

9. Côte d’Ivoire

10. Uganda


according to = vzhledem k, dle čeho, podle, shodně s něčím

bean = bob, kakaové či kávové zrno, fazole

beverage = nápoj

common = běžný, obyčejný, častý

consider = vzít v úvahu, považovat

demand for = požadovat pro, požadavek, sháňka po, poptávka po

derive = odvozovat, pocházet

devil = ďábel, čert

essential = hlavní, základní, podstatný, nezbytný, neodmyslitelný, nevyhnutelný, nutný

grind = semlít, drtit, rozdrtit, rozmělnit

grow = růst, pěstovat

harvest = sklizeň

heavyweight champion = šampión těžké váhy

hell = peklo

chew = žvýkat, rozmělnit, rozdrtit, přežvykovat

plant = rostlina

pure = čistý

recipe = recept

referred to = uvedený, dotyčný

responsible for = odpovědný za

roast = pražit, opékat, péci

seed = zrno, semeno

spread = rozšířit

statesman = státník, politik

third = třetina

thrive = dařit se, prospívat, vzkvétat, bujet, vzrůstat

widely =široce/ko, dalece/ko, velmi, hodně, obecně


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