Brief Survey of EU history

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Brief Survey of EU history

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1950 – The so-called "Schuman Declaration" lays out the principles of democratic European integration.

1950 – The so-called "Schuman Declaration" lays out the principles of democratic European integration.

1957Belgium, France, Germany, Italy, Luxembourg and the Netherlands sign the Treaty of Rome and establish the European Economic Community (EEC).

1963Turkey signs association agreement.

1973Denmark, Ireland and the UK join the EEC.

1981 Greece joins the EEC.

1986Portugal and Spain join the EEC.

1987Turkey applies for EU membership.

1989 – Fall of the Berlin Wall. The EU sets up the Phare programme.

1993Copenhagen European Council agrees the accession criteria.

1995 – Austria, Finland and Sweden join the EU.

1997 – Luxembourg European Council agrees on start of enlarging.

1998Accession negotiations are opened with Cyprus, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Malta, Poland and Slovenia.

1999 – In Helsinki negotiations with six more states were opened. Turkey was conformed as a destined candidate to join the EU.

2000 – The negotiations with Bulgaria, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Romania, and the Slovak Republic are formally launched.

2003 - The negotiations are completed. The resulting Treaty of Accession will need to be ratified by EU Member States and candidate countries.

2004 - European Parliament elections took place in June 2004. On 1.5. 10 new european countries joined the EU – The Czech Republic, the Slovak Republic, Slovenia, Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia, Cyprus, Malta, Poland, Hungary.

Accession negotiations = přístupová jednání

Apply = žádat, ucházet se o

Association agreement = dohoda o přidružení

Enlarging = rozšiřování

European Council = Evropská rada

European Economic Community = Evropské hospodářské společenství (EHS)

Launch = zahájit

Lay out = vytýčit, rozvrhnout

Membership = členství

Set up = ustavit, založit, zřídit

Schuman Declaration = Schumanův plán

Treaty of Rome = Římské smlouvy

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